Soins complexes à domicile pour enfants

Intermittent catheterization: boys



Required materials

If needed:

Refer to your child’s healthcare team if the material or the sequence of steps you have been taught is different than those described.

Step 1: Anticipation

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Collaborate and form a team with your child. When you invest the time to form a strong team, children feel more comfortable and less anxious – this will help you complete the care with less stress – for you and your child.

Use these tips, from the start, to set the stage for a positive care procedure:

  • Create the right moment: integrate the care in a routine.
  • Alert your child to the needed care and communicate together.
  • Form a team with your child: Encourage autonomy by offering realistic choices such as the method of distraction. Stay tuned to your child. Manage pain and anxiety, using distraction and positioning for comfort.

Step 2: Preparation

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  • Prepare the environment: Identify a routine place for care. Close windows, doors and fans. Wash and dry the work surface and gather the needed materials for the care and to distract your child.
  • Prepare your child: Get help if needed. Position your child for comfort to receive the care and start to use the selected distraction method.
  • Prepare yourself: Find the right time when you are ready to provide the care safely. Review the list of care steps. Wash your hands.

Now that you are ready to start the care procedure, take the opportunity to encourage and praise your child.

Step 3: Procedure

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Summary 3 key concepts:

  • Safety: Carefully follow the care practice steps as you have been taught.
  • Flexibility: Be ready to adjust according to your child’s reactions during the procedure. As needed, reposition or select an alternative distraction strategy. Follow your child’s pace and rhythm.
  • Collaboration: Reassure your child, verbally and non-verbally. Acknowledge your child’s emotions and reactions. Help your child differentiate between the different sensations during a procedure.

Step 4: Prepare the materials

  • If you need to measure the amount of urine, make sure the container to collect the urine is on a flat surface in front of your son, at a level below his bladder.
  • Open the new catheter wrapping or take the reusable catheter from its container without touching the end.
  • Put a small amount of water-based lubricant on the tip of the catheter. *DO NOT use any type of Vaseline petroleum jelly.
Why ?

This step is done to prepare for the procedure.

The lubricant permits smooth entry of the catheter.

Step 5: Position your son

  • Based on what has been agreed with your healthcare team, ask your child to try to urinate before catheterization, if possible.
  • Then place your child in one of the positions discussed with your healthcare team, according to comfort, age and ability to cooperate.
  • The changing table can be used for a baby.
  • As soon as he is able, sit him on the toilet seat.
  • If your son is older, he can stand up in front or on the side of the toilet.
Why ?

This step optimizes comfort and efficiency.

Step 6: Locate the urethral opening

  • With one hand, hold the penis under the glans loosely at a 90 degrees angle with the belly.
  • If necessary, retract the foreskin.
  • Hold the penis in this position for the procedure.
  • If your son catheterizes himself, he should do it the same way.
Why ?

This step facilitates the procedure.

Step 7: Clean the area around the urinary meatus, as needed

  • Wash the penis with warm water and mild soap, including the area under the fold of the foreskin (if not circumcised).
  • Rinse with warm water.
  • You can also use a baby wipe.
Why ?

This step is necessary to prevent infections.

Step 8: Insert the catheter

  • With your free hand, hold the catheter like a pencil: about 3-4 cm from the end that will be inserted.
  • Direct the other end of the catheter to the toilet, the towel or the container to collect urine if the amount of urine is to be measured.
  • Ask your child to take a deep breath and relax.
  • At the same time as he exhales, gently insert the catheter into the urethra through the urinary meatus.
  • When you feel resistance:
    • encourage your son to relax and breathe slowly,
    • move the penis towards the thighs,
    • roll the catheter with your fingers, and push gently, but not forcefully,
    • ask your son to change position (eg, roll to one side or sit up).
  • Insert the catheter until urine starts to flow.
  • If the resistance persists:
    • try a smaller catheter.
  • If the insertion remains impossible:
    • remove the catheter to avoid hurting your son,
    • contact your healthcare team immediately.
Why ?

This step is necessary to safely enter the bladder without irritation or injury.

Step 9: Empty the bladder

  • Hold the catheter in place and allow urine to flow into the towel, the toilet or container.
  • If necessary, press gently on the belly of your son to help empty the bladder completely.
Why ?

This step is necessary to make ensure the bladder is emptied.

Step 10: Remove the catheter

  • Slowly withdraw the catheter when the urine stops flowing.
  • While removing the catheter, stop each time that urine begins to flow again.
  • Remove the catheter then quickly place it on a clean surface.
  • Wipe the penis; there may be lubricating gel or urine in the catheter as it leaves the urethra.
Why ?

This step is necessary to make sure that the bladder is emptied.

Step 11: Clean and store the catheter

  • Follow the manufacturer’s and your healthcare team’s recommendations about maintenance and the frequency of re-using catheters at home.
  • If the catheter can be reused, it must be cleaned after each use:
    • inject soapy water (eg, hand soap or dish washing liquid) with a syringe into the catheter,
    • rinse with water until there is a clear return,
    • wipe the outside of the catheter with a clean towel,
    • dry the inside by injecting air using the syringe,
    • place the clean catheter in the clean and dry  container,
    • wash the catheter storage container at least once a week.
Why ?

This step is necessary to prevent infections.

Step 12: Measure and record the amount of urine collected, if necessary

According to the recommendations of your healthcare team:

  • pour the urine in the container provided for its measurement,
  • note the amount,
  • observe the color and appearance,
  • write the information on the tracking sheet.
Why ?

This step is necessary to monitor the functioning of the kidneys and bladder.

Step 13: Recovery

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The treatment is finished. Wash your hands again.

Be prepared to recognize the challenges faced and to provide positive feedback. Help your child recognize his/her strengths. Acknowledge the collaborative teamwork.

  • Listen to what your child says about the parts of the procedure that were difficult or painful.
  • Comfort your child and recognize your child’s collaboration with positive feedback.
  • Highlight your child’s  specific strengths that helped make the procedure positive.
  • Discuss with your child what might be done the same or differently the next time the care is needed.
  • Keep your promises if you have promised a reward, follow through.
  • Reward yourself too.
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