Soins complexes à domicile pour enfants

Hand hygiene

Clean hands are essential to reducing infections, at home and when your child is in the hospital. Hand hygiene is the simplest and most effective way to keep your child healthy. While there are many national and international recommendations on hand hygiene for the hospital setting, there is very little information for care at home, especially for children. See for more information on why handwashing is important, antimicrobial resistance and other related topics.

Find here:

When to clean your hands
When to clean your child’s hands
Alcohol based hand rub versus soap and water
How to handrub
How to handwash

When to clean your hands

In general, clean your hands as part of your routine preparation before and after providing any type of care to your child. Also clean your hands before and after:

using the washroom,
preparing food,

Get into the habit of cleaning your hands as you enter your home and encourage family members and caregivers to do the same.

When to clean your child’s hands

Depending upon the age and abilities of your child, encourage your child to develop the healthy habit of regular hand cleaning. Ensure that your child’s hands are clean before and after:

using the washroom,
playing with toys, inside and outside your home,
leaving and returning home,
participating in part of the care (for example, helping to hold a piece of equipment).

Alcohol based handrubs versus soap and water

Both alcohol based handrubs, also called hand sanitizers and traditional soap and water are effective ways to clean your hands. The most important part of hand hygiene is to develop the habit of cleaning your hands. Compared to soap and water, alcohol based handrubs are better at removing bacteria (germs) from your hands, work faster and usually cause less skin irritation. Alcohol based handrubs can be convenient also, as you do not need to have access to running water or paper towels.

If your hands (or your child’s hands) are visibly dirty, then use soap and water, using the methods shown below. Use soap and water to clean your hands before and after providing any care involving possible contact with urine, stool, blood or any other body fluids.

How to handrub

Remove jewelry.

Apply a palmful of sanitizer.

Rub hands palm to palm.

Rub each palm over the back of the other hand.

Interlace your fingers and rub.

As you rub, your hands will dry.


How to handwash

Remove jewelry.

Scrub well with soap for a minimum of 2 minutes.


Dry your hands with a clean disposable towel,
and then shut off the tap using the towel.

Disclaimer: As medical and technical knowledge is constantly changing, this information is provided to you for educational purposes only. The information provided on this website is strictly provided on an “as is” basis without warranty of any kind, whether express or implied and should not at any time be considered as a substitute for professional advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare professional.

A collaboration of clinical experts across Quebec has taken every care to ensure that the information contained in this document is accurate, complete, and reflective of evidence-based practices. However, “Complex care at home for children” collaboration cannot and does not assume any responsibility for application of the content of this document or for any information that may be present in the websites cited as a reference. These web sites are provided for informational purposes only and do not represent the collaboration endorsement of any companies or products. Always consult your child’s physician and/or a qualified healthcare professional to learn more about recommendations specific to your child’s health needs.

All rights reserved: No parts of this document can be reproduced or transmitted in either electronic or mechanical form, including photocopies, or informational stocking or recuperation systems, without the written permission, signed by the author (with the exception of brief citations used in literatures or discussion forums, and citing the authors and the sources).

Copyright © 2021 Soins Complexes. Tous droits réservés/All rights reserved.